The page document the user-supplied call-back routine next_observation_pdaf.

The routine init_ens_pdaf (called U_init_ens in the PDAF core routines) is a call-back routine that has to be provided by the user. init_ens_pdaf is called by PDAF_init at the initialization stage of a data assimilation program. The purpose of the routine is to fill the ensemble array that is provided by PDAF with an initial ensemble of model states.

The routine next_observation_pdaf (called U_next_observation in the PDAF core routines) is a call-back routine that has to be provided by the user. At the beginning of a forecast phase, next_observation_pdaf is called once by either PDAF_get_state or PDAF_assimilate_X (with X being the name of a filter algorithm) to get the number of time steps to be computed in the forecast phase.

The interface is the following:

SUBROUTINE next_observation_pdaf(stepnow, nsteps, doexit, timenow)


  • stepnow : integer, intent(in)
    Number of the current time step
  • nsteps : integer, intent(out)
    Number of time steps until next observations are available
  • doexit : integer, intent(out)
    Whether to exit forecasting (1 for exit); only relevant for the 'flexible' implementation variant.
  • timenow : real, intent(out)
    Current model (physical) time at the beginning of the current forecast phase; only relevant for the 'flexible' implementation variant.


  • The routine is called by all processes in a parallel program
  • The variable timenow is only passed through PDAF to other user-supplied routines. It can be useful, e.g. to reset model forcing, which is time-specific

Some hints:

  • If the time interval between successive observations is known, nsteps can be simply initialized by dividing the time interval by the size of the time step
  • At the first call to next_observation_pdaf the variable timenow can be initialized with the current model time. At the next call a forecast phase has been completed. Thus, the new value of timenow follows from the time interval for the previous forecast phase.
Last modified 6 years ago Last modified on Jan 19, 2015, 9:56:59 PM